漫长伸冤路,道歉了无期,《越洋控诉》

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资料来源:星洲日报副刊

越洋控诉舞台剧 还原峇冬加里屠杀真相

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|14.11.2014| 资料来源:光华日报

(吉隆坡13日讯)配合峇冬加里屠杀惨案65周年纪念,追讨英军屠杀工委会将于12月4日至7日假吉隆坡演艺中心(KLPAC)举办“越洋控诉”舞台剧。

追讨英军屠杀工委会总协调郭义民说,此舞台剧改篇自《越洋控诉:峇冬加里屠杀惨案》,出自于他与他的父亲郭仁德之手,宗旨是为“还原历史真相,为正义坚持不懈”。

他解释,此书主要记载发生1984年12月11日至12日峇冬加里屠杀案,其中24名村民被英军屠杀及放火烧村,并导致罹难者家属流离失所60余年。

“罹难者更是被诬赖成土匪、恐怖份子,此案至今尚未获得英政府的道歉。”

郭义民今日在“越洋控诉”舞台剧的新闻发布会上,如是指出。出席者包括追讨英军屠杀工委会顾问陈凯希、“越洋控诉”舞台剧导演李奕翰、剧艺研究会署理会长沈彦毅、戏剧主任黄翠凤、爱国同盟俱乐部理事陈嘉福、八打灵观音亭护法团顾问明吉法师、理事陈金妹及秘书徐碧芸。

郭义民说,峇冬加里屠杀案的罹难者家属已把峇冬加里屠杀惨案带入英国最高法院,而英国最高法院也将在2015年4月22及23日聆审。

他希望,英最高法院能审判罹难者家属上诉胜利,并给于他们赔偿。

不过,他说,若宣判上诉书失败,追讨英军屠杀罪行工委会及罹难者家属将准备把此案件带到欧洲人权法院,帮家属讨回公道。

李奕翰说,长达80分钟的演出,除了真人演出,也包含人偶表演。

“因为很难扮演《越洋控诉》的主角,所以选用木偶演出,此外这也能让观众发挥想像的空间。”

他指,《越洋控诉》舞台剧已到中国、新加坡及槟州演出,并受到许多表扬及关注。

他透露,他是意外发现这本书,并对内容感到惊叹,之后他也发现年轻一代不了解先人的经历,因此他希望改篇此书,并通过演出来教导更多的人。

“希望《越洋控诉》舞台剧能到更多的地方演出,让更多人了解这个历史。”

此外,陈凯希鼓励年轻一代来观赏《越洋控诉》舞台剧,以体会过去长辈们的困苦。

他说,这项惨案至今还没的出结果,而通过此演出能重新挖掘出被盖的历史,让更多人了解我国曾发生屠杀事件。

BATANG KALI MASSACRE – A THEATRICAL TAKE

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哀悼英驻马最高专员石羽病逝

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《追讨英军屠杀罪行工委会》今日发表文告表示,对从英国传来前英驻马最高专员石羽因病逝世的噩耗感到错愕,并对这位在担任驻马最高专员期间所作出的贡献给予最高的敬意。

工委会表示,工委会自石羽从2010年11月走马上任之际便已就峇冬加里屠杀惨案的请愿书呈予石羽,之后更获得石羽的协助以共同商讨此案件,其中包括该如何为峇冬加里屠杀案带来一个圆满的解决方案。

纵然石羽当时隶属并听命于英国外交与共和联邦事务部,但他却是第一位愿意接见罹难者家属与工委会成员的英国最高官员。罹难者家属在英国展开司法诉讼的当儿,石羽仍秉持坦诚与开明的胸膛接见工委会,华总与方略等成员,他也代英政府接受了由马来西亚各族签署的万人请愿明信片。

罹难者家属在这期间期望英政府能就此屠杀案给予承认以及毫无保留的官方道歉,虽然英政府毅然拒绝了罹难者家属的请求,但同时间罹难者家属与工委会也明白石羽必须听从英政府的指示行事。

尽管如此,石羽在担任驻马最高专员期间于2012年12月12日代表英政府出席了由工委会筹办的峇冬加里屠杀案64周年纪念暨追悼仪式,为罹难者献上鲜花与表达敬意。工委会期望已故石羽对峇冬加里屠杀案所作出的努力与不懈得以被延续,直至正义抬头为止。

工委会与罹难者家属非常感谢已故石羽的贡献,并表示会深深怀念这位以建立马来西亚和英国友好关系为己任的真正朋友。

文艺北马·李奕翰要更多人正视惨案 《越洋控诉》演英军杀戮史

Meet LimAhYing@11407.07.2014| 资料来源:中国报(蔡爱卿报导)

改编自发生在英殖民地时期的峇东加里惨案的中文舞台剧《越洋控诉》,是今年乔治市庆典的亮点之一。没有阵容鼎盛的製作团队和华丽舞台,《越洋控诉》將一段没有受到太大注意的真实历史事件搬上舞台,希望唤起更多人正视这段历史。

《越洋控诉》是留台年轻导演李奕翰自我挑战的最新力作。其缘起其实来自郭仁德与其儿子郭义民所写的一本书《越洋控诉》,这本书的作者通过访问当年的倖存者与家属,记录了这宗惨案发生的经过,以及越洋到英国追讨公道的经过。

峇东加里惨案发生在1948年12月11日至12日,在雪兰莪州峇东加里新村一个橡胶园內,英军射杀了24名手无寸铁的村民,烧燬村庄,倖存的妇孺 被迫搬离。许多家庭自此顛沛流离,三餐不继。60年后,郭仁德先生义务成立“追讨英军屠杀罪行工委会”,帮助这群罹难者家属追讨正义。

被父亲精神感动

李奕翰是在偶然的情况下,在书局发现《越洋控诉》这本书。虽然此书充满枯燥的法律用词,但是他看到书中所写受难者的惨况,以及他们的遗孀和家人的处境时,他非常愤怒与难过。

他受访时说,郭义民是郭仁德之子。他本来反对其父亲为惨案受害者讨公道,因为当时郭仁德的身体健康已很差。但郭仁德坚持行动,直到他2010年去世之前,他依然在积极为惨案讨公道而奔走。

郭仁德留下了他在两年內收集到的大量资料。其儿子郭义民受父亲的不懈精神感动,也加入了追讨公道的行列。不同的是,身为律师的郭义民是以法律为武器,越洋到了英国的法庭去追讨。

他说,很多人还不知道这个案件。透过戏剧营造出来的张力,將会让观众对那个时代所发生的惨案更有想像力,这將帮助马来西亚人正视这些被遗忘的历史。

舞台剧结构2线並行
家属义士呼应还原历史

《越洋控诉》剧本结构以两条线並行,一条是惨案受害者遗孀和家人的悲惨遭遇,另一条是郭氏父子二人大义凛然,挑起这个没人敢挑起的历史重担,追索冤案真相,鍥而不捨。两条线互有呼应,尽力还原歷史,点出英国殖民政府的残暴和不人道。

第一次处理历史题材的舞台剧,加上又编又导又演,李奕翰此次面对空前的压力,也战战兢兢。加上新加坡场次將有倖存者家属来观赏,更令他力求做到一丝不拘。

“《越洋控诉》中有多种表演艺术元素,包括皮影戏、人偶和真人演出。全剧只有3名演员分身演出多个角色,还必须操纵人偶与皮影戏。”

他採用多元手法来呈献,是因为那些人所经历过的事都太复杂了,单靠演员表演,很难表现出其多面性。但即使如此,他认为舞台上的演出手法,始终无法再现证人亲口讲述惨案经过时,现场充斥的凝重氛围。

除了本身亲自演出,另外两名演员分別是剧场资深演员,也是第一届金视奖最佳男主角入围者以及戏炬奖最佳男主角曾宏辉,女演员则是毕业自双威大学的新晋演员周芷伊。

瞭解正义非盲从
用知识抵抗不平等

李奕翰说,《越洋控诉》这本书告诉我们,人们必须用知识去抵抗不平等,争取正义,而不是人云亦云地盲从。该书作者之一郭义民是个律师,他就是利用法律知识,越洋为受害者家属討公道。如果没有知识,只靠感性的同情,根本是做不到的。

除了將弱势一方书写的历史搬上舞台,李奕翰导这部戏也有其背后的信息,就是正义到底是什么。他发现许多马来西亚人都不了解什么是正义。他们所谓的正义更多是人云亦云,自己没有分辨对错的能力。

在郭义民安排下,他亲自拜访了惨案其中一名证人林亚英。他说,林亚英告诉他的话,与书中所写丝毫无差,可见这些事实深深刻在他们的脑海,即使再讲千百次,还是同样的內容。

作为一个艺术工作者,他坦言自己实际上並帮不到什么。只能用自己擅长的方式,让更多人关注该事件。

《越洋控诉》演出详情

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Batang Kali massacre: UK appeal court dismisses application for public inquiry

Batang Kali massacre: UK appeal court dismisses application for public inquiry.

Survivors and descendants of 24 tappers killed by the British Army in Batang Kali in 1948 are urging the British government for a speedy resolution to the massacre issue.

KUALA LUMPUR, March 20 — A British Court of Appeal dismissed an application by family members for a public inquiry on the killings of 24 unarmed civilians by British troops in Batang Kali, Selangor, in 1948.

A three-man bench headed by Lord Justice Maurice Kay also disagreed with counsels acting for the British government that the Malaysian government and the Sultan of Selangor were accountable for the deployment of the troops to Selangor.

“We are not persuaded with the respondents’ argument that the decision to deploy the troops in Malaya was mediated through the High Commissioner.

“The deployment was a deployment of troops of Crown in right of the government of United Kingdom, with the consequence that the Crown become accountable for the actions of the troops,” as stated in the findings of the court which was made available to the press here today.

Quek Ngee Meng, the co-ordinator of the Action Committee Condemning the Massacre, told a media conference on the decision by the British Court of Appeal, that the Appeal Court, in its ruling yesterday, also stated that the court was bound by precedence of earlier court cases which forced them to dismiss the application.

However, he said the judges had reinforced the finding of facts by the lower court where those killed were civilians, unarmed and posed no threat to the soldiers.

They (panel) also stated that all the victims were killed within minutes after they were released before their village was burnt down, he added.

Ngee also pointed out that the panel shared the view that the past investigations on the massacre was ” woefully inadequate”, “one-sided” and ”unfinished”.

Ngee, also a lawyer by profession, said new evidence and confessions made by several British soldiers revealed that the civilians never posed a threat and this cast real doubt over the official account of the incident which said the victims were killed while they attempted to escape.

In 1948, the Second Battalion of the Scot Guards shot and killed 24 civilians in the Sungei Remok Rubber Estate in Batang Kali.

Meanwhile, Datuk Ahmad Firoz Hussein Ahmad Jamaluddin, who is the legal adviser to the action committee, said they had received instruction from family members to appeal to the Supreme Court.

-BERNAMA

UK Court of Appeal: Massacre Families Would Have Won in European Court of Human Right

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In a landmark decision delivered on Wednesday, the UK Court of Appeal accepted that in light of the recent European Court of Human Rights Grand Chamber decision in Janowiec (2013), the families of those killed in Batang Kali 1948 would be “likely” to win if they took their case to that Court with the families showing the most important human right of all – to life – has been breached.

The families’ appeal was heard last November 26 to 28. They argue that the UK has a legal duty to properly investigate the Batang Kali massacre, given the 2012 Divisional Court ruling that the Scots Guards involved were acting within the normal British Army command structure and so the UK’s  legal responsibility. This element of the Divisional Court judgment was upheld by the Appeal Court which could “see no basis upon that it can be said any such accountability, or liability, passed from the Crown upon the establishment of the independent Federation of Malaya in 1957”. UK government arguments that the Malaysia Government or the Selangor Sultan were somehow responsible for the killings were therefore roundly rejected.

Delivering the appeal  judgment three Lord Justices lead by Maurice Kay LJ, Vice President of the Court of Appeal, found that although the killings had happened before the European Human Right Convention even existed, there was a “genuine connection” between the deaths, the “woefully inadequate” failure to investigate them properly at the time, and the new evidence coming to light, particularly in the 1970s and 1990s, which casts real doubt over the official account that the victims were killed when attempting to escape. That new evidence included confessions by several of the British soldiers to murder. 

The Court of Appeal however ruled that it was bound by a Supreme Court precedent which predated recent European Court of Human Rights law, and hence, dismiss the appeal made by the families. This means that only the UK Supreme Court itself can bring UK law in line with what the European Court has decided and order an inquiry.

The three appellate judges reinforce the finding of facts made by the two judges below. These include those killed were civilians, unarmed, posed no threat to the soldiers, frighten with simulated execution, detained overnight, all were killed within minutes after released, and their village was burn down. The judges criticized heavily the past investigations as “woefully inadequate”, “one-sided” and “unfinished”.

The families are represented by Michael Fordham QC, Danny Friedman QC, Zac Douglas, Stephen Grosz and John Halford of Bindmans LLP. John Halford said today:

“Some might think it remarkable that present-day human rights standards could create a duty to investigate wrongdoing by British troops in a colonial village six decades ago and its cover up in the years that followed. But those standards are rooted in far older British principles, specifically the right to life and to its protection by laws to be enforced on an equal basis. The Batang Kali massacre occurred because, in Britain’s Empire, its principles were sometimes abandoned. The question the Court of Appeal has had to grapple with is whether they could be abandoned with impunity. It clearly thought not, but felt constrained by precedent to withhold a remedy. The victims’ families will now follow the straightforward directions it has given them to seek a final, just outcome. They will ask the Supreme Court to call the state to account for the killings.”

Quek Ngee Meng, the coordinator of the campaign group, Action Committee Condemning the Batang Kali Massacre, said, “Despite the dismissal of the families’ appeal, our journey to seek redress and justice has not come to an end. The destination is not too far off either. Either UK human rights law needs to catch up with Europe with the help of the UK Supreme Court, or the families will need to go to Europe for satisfaction.”

Quek added, the families have given instruction to their London lawyers to appeal against Court of Appeal decision.

Families of 24 people killed by British troops in the British colony of Malaya in 1948 brought the case to the UK Divisional Court in May 2012. On 4 September 2012, the Court upheld a government decision not to hold a public hearing into the killing and also ruled that British Governmnt was responsible for the killing in Batang Kali. In its written judgement, it said, “There is evidence that supports a deliberate execution of the 24 civilians at Batang Kali.”

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